(Link to the PDF of the article)

Ben Rose teaches junior high school students in Taiwan. Stephen Clarke teaches junior college students in Japan. Beniko Mason taught college students and adults in Japan. We all use Comprehension-Aiding Supplementation (CAS) (1) to tell a story. These SL lessons are all for beginners.

Ben Rose

  1. Video of Story-Listening “The Hairy Toe” on Youtube
  2. Video of “The Flute Player of Hamelin” on Youtube
  3. Video of “Hansel and Gretel” on Youtube

Beniko Mason

  1. Videos


The following papers are arranged in chronological order in order for you to get an idea of how the research is progressing. I encourage you to read each paper in this order.

Mason, B. & Krashen, S. (2004). Is Form-Focused Vocabulary Instruction Worth While? RELC Journal 35(2), 179-185. Link to PDF

Mason, B., Vanata, M., Yander, K., Borsch, R., & Krashen, S. (2009). The effects and efficiency of hearing stories on vocabulary acquisition by students of German as a second foreign language in Japan. Indonesian Journal of English Language Teaching, 5(1), 1-14. Link to PDF

Mason, B., & Krashen, S. (2018). American students’ vocabulary acquisition rate in Japanese as a foreign language from listening to a story. Turkish Online Journal of English Language Teaching (TOJELT), 3(1), 6-9. Link to PDF

Krashen, S., Mason, B., and Smith, K. (2018). Some New Terminology: Comprehension-Aiding Supplementation and Form-Focusing Supplementation Language Learning and Teaching, 60(6). 12-13. Link to PDF

Clarke, S. (2019). A replication of “Is Form-Focused Vocabulary Instruction Worthwhile?” (Mason and Krashen, 2004). Nagoya Junior College Kiyo, 57, 155-159. Link to PDF

Krashen, S. (2019). Beginning reading: The (huge) role of stories and the (limited) role of phonics. Language Magazine, April. Link to PDF

Mason, B., Smith, K., & Krashen, S. (2020). Story-Listening in Indonesia: A replication study. Journal of English Language teaching, 62(1), 3-6. Link to PDF

How to use Prompters Link to PDF

Comprehension-Aiding Supplementation: CAS, Drawing Link to PDF

Krashen, S. (2020). Optimal Input. Link to PDF and Link to Video

Biodata Beniko Mason is Professor Emerita at Shitennoji University Junior College in Osaka, Japan. She has been developing and conducting research on Story-Listening and Guided Self-Selected Reading for more than 30 years. Her publications have appeared in professional journals including System, RELC Journal, TESOL Quarterly, ITL: Review of Applied Linguistics, Language Teacher, and Shitennoji University Bulletin. She has demonstrated her methods and has presented her findings in professional conferences in Cambodia, China, France, Germany, Japan, Korea, Laos, Russia, Taiwan, Turkey, and the United States. Her published papers are available at beniko-mason.net